Transparency and accountability

Transparency involves clear and public disclosure of information, rules, plans, processes and actions by governments, companies, organisations and individuals. It is the principle that public affairs need to be conducted in the open.

Accountability means holding individuals and organisations responsible for executing their powers properly (in accordance with the rules and duties of their post), and for paying particular consideration to vulnerable parties. More specifically, accountability is about upwards and downwards responsibility of actors (to their superiors and to service users), participation, and sanctioning of actors for their corrupt acts.

Transparency International, 2011 (Glossary)